Jocelyn Eve Stoker, mostly known as Joss Stone, was born in 1987 in Dover, England. Blessed with powerful, deep, and soulful pipes, she released her first album titled The Soul Sessions at the age of 16. The Soul Sessions was the album that made me fall in love with her music.
I remember listening to her music on my little MP3 player on my way to my English School. Most of the times I was going to class, it was raining. I remember sitting on the bus and singing along in my head to her lyrics. At that time I was still developing my English skills so I would bring lyric sheets to follow along with the music. The songs on replay were always “The Chokin’ Kind” and “Victim of a Foolish Heart.” To this day, if I am driving somewhere on a rainy day, I play that album.
The Soul Sessions’ album was followed by Mind, Body, and Soul, another great piece. This album was still very soulful given one of my favorite tracks Right to Be Wrong and Spoiled, but it also brought a bit more of a fun vibe with the tracks “Don’t Cha Wanna Ride” and “Snakes and Ladders.” Next Joss released Introducing Joss Stone in 2007, which is another favorite of mine. This album is a bit more funky and upbeat, with stunning collaborations with Common and Lauryn Hill. Later, Joss released Colour me Free in 2009, LP1 and Best of Joss Stone in 2011, The Soul Sessions Vol. 2 in 2012, and the latest Water For Your Soul in 2015. All of her albums were exceptional, but nothing else compares to her first three albums. After Mind, Body, and Soul, Joss started veering off the more heartfelt soulful jams but she rescued that style back in The Soul Sessions Vol. 2. Joss Stone is a kind and free spirit human being who makes amazing music. I am so glad to have discovered her sound right from the beginning and to follow her music through time. I have all of her music on vinyl, well at least the albums that I can put my hands on. I am yet to see her live. It is on my bucket list.
No doubt that the drag art is extremely versatile. Think of RuPaul’s Drag Race – The talent among the contestants overflows. RuPaul himself worked really hard to earn the visibility that he has today. It takes a lot of work, creativity, courage, and strength to be a drag queen. In Brazil, the drag art is getting public visibility through music and I couldn’t be more excited!
The LGBTQ community in Brazil is one of the largest in the world. However, Brazil is a very religious country with traditional views, the queer community hasn’t gained the public visibility it deserves. Within the LGBTQ community, much of what is reaching the heterosexual public now is already familiar and contemplated by them. The TV show in Brazil called Amor & Sexo (Love and Sex) is helping to bring awareness to all forms of love, acceptance, diversity, inclusion, and respect for people regardless of their religious views and gender identity. The show is presented by Fernanda Lima and it features guests of all gender identities who discuss topics about relationships, sexuality, current issues, and more. This show is streamed through the most famous open channel of Brazilian TV and it is giving Drag Queens a platform to show their art.
The fusion of Drag Art with the popular music scene of Brazil is breaking barriers. These artists are making hit after hit connecting with people across the nation and bringing a breath of fresh air to Brazilian pop music. Check out these poderosas singers:
Natural of Brussels, Paul van Haver mostly known as Stromae is one of a kind. Stromae’s music is a combination of various musical influences such as hip hop, Congolese, house, Caribbean, and Coladera music. His lyrics are thought provoking and his style – oh so unique! Stromae is largely successful across Europe and his last album Racine Carrée is the best yet. Although all of the lyrics are in French, the songs get you moving and singing along. From time to time I look up online for a translation in order to learn more about the story the song is delivering, but the truth is that this whole effort isn’t entirely necessary. Beautiful music does have the ability to involve, communicate, and connect. Stromae can do just that.
Papaoutai/Dad, where are you? “…everyone knows how to make babies but nobody knows how to make fathers.”
Tous Les Mêmes/ All the same A perspective about love relationships and its ridiculousness from the woman’s perspective.
Formidable/ Wonderful (satirical) A song about loneliness. The video clip, a social experiment.
Ave Cesaria (Acoustic) A tribute to Stromae’s biggest idol, Cesaria Evora. She was a popular singer from Cape Verde also known as the Barefoot Singer for the habit of singing barefoot. Stromae met Evora back in 2011 right before her death. This song is a tribute to her and remembrance of their encounter.
Flying somewhere nowadays can require some financial planning. Airfare can be expensive for the days and times that you are looking for. I’ve spent weeks looking for a good deal on airfare from Washington, DC to Chicago, Il and would always come across lower $300 tickets. Every time I looked online I thought to myself “I could find something better than this!” Until I did find something better – Spirit Airlines offered airfare round trip for $150. Amazing price – I didn’t even think about the catch.
Here’s the catch:
Flying with Spirit, you are responsible for paying for your luggage. So yeah, no free carry on. However, they do allow you to bring one free personal item.
The check in process is paid if you do it at the airport. Free if you do it online.
Seats – they are also paid IF you want to choose where to sit. If you are flying solo and don’t care where to sit like me, no need to purchase this.
The airplane was ok, like any other. The crew was actually really nice and made the announcements comical in the beginning. The crew also gives a “lucky winner” 5.000 miles to use toward another airfare.
The duration of my trip was 4 days, so packing was tricky but possible with that one free personal item (I will review my packing bag on a future post).
Overall, Spirit wasn’t that bad. Great price range if you are planning to pack incredibly light.
I have been so caught up with school lately and did not have the time to post about this amazing trip. Well, here I am!
Back in August, Nick and I traveled to South America to visit my family in Brazil. We had issues with our flight on our way there, which resulted in the loss of an entire weekend. Due to ‘weather-related issues’ our flight from Washington, DC to Miami was delayed for 3 hours, and once we finally arrived in Miami, our connection flight had already left. Because of the Olympics, we could not get rebooked right away which made wait for three days until the next available flight. Anyway, it was a very ‘bumpy’ start but once we arrived in Brazil we had a good time. We spent a total of 21 days overseas – 16 days in Sao Paulo, Brazil and 5 days in Santiago, Chile.
Santiago is the biggest metropolitan city in Chile. The city is beautiful, very European like. Although it was winter season, Santiago felt warmer than Sao Paulo. The Andean mountains surrounding the city were breath taking. Everywhere you went in the city you could view the snow tops if you looked up. People were very friendly and welcoming. There was a lot of history, poetry, and street art all around the city. As one could expect, the Pisco and wine were amazing there! We rented a small apartment through Airbnb close to Santa Lucia metro station, to make the access easier.
Here is the itinerary we planned for the 5-day trip:
Day 1 – Santiago Highlights
We arrived in Santiago at 2:00am. So we took a taxi to the aprtment, rested, and left later in the afternoon to go on a free [tip based] tour in Santiago. This tour is called Santiago Highlights and it gave us an overview of the city as we walked around to explore. The tour requires booking online, but it is free and easy. http://tours4tips.com/tour/santiago-highlights/
Day 2- Valparaiso + Grafitti Art + Pablo Neruda
Next morning we left early to go to the bus station and catch the bus to Valparaiso, at the coast of Chile. The bus station is metro accessible, the tickets cost about $15 dollars round trip for the two os us, and the ride took about 2 hours. The main purpose of this trip was to explore the grafitti street art on the hills of Valparaiso and visit La Sebastiana, Pablo Neruda’s house. I strongly recommend booking the grafitti tour in advance for the morning time and leaving Neruda’s house for the afternoon. The tour has a lot of walking involved and the view from Neruda’s house is amazing after noon time.
The link for the graffitti tour is http://www.valpostreetart.com/walking-tours.html
The link for La Sebastiana is http://www.fundacionneruda.org/en/la-sebastiana/visitors-information ( Tour can be booked there, no need to be booked before hand)
Day 3- Santiago offbeat + San Cristoban Hill + Pablo Neruda’s house
Then again, we used Tour for Tips to take the Offbeat tour. It was really refreshing and we felt like we were exploring the town as locals. We learned some political history from the Pinochet’s era and visited a historic cemetery. The tour ended at a bar, with a drink called Terremoto. It was delish!
Later that day we headed to San Cristoban Hill where we took the tram up top and enjoyed the beauty of the city skyline. The panoramic view was breath taking! Pablo Neruda’s house is located by the foot of the hill and I strongly recommend combining the two once you go there.
Link to Santiago offbeat tour http://tours4tips.com/tour/santiago-offbeat-walk/
Link to San Cristoban http://santiagotourist.com/cerro-san-cristobal-spectacular-panoramic-view-of-santiago/
Day 4 – Concha y Toro + Souvenir shopping
We felt like visiting a winery was a must on this trip. We decided to visit Concha y Toro, probably the most popular winery in town. To save us from falling on a tourist trap, we did not book a paid tour for this. We planned to take public transportation to the last metro station of the blue line (Plaza de Puente Alto) and from there we took a taxi to Concha y Toro. This way is much more economic – the metro cost C$1600 pesos round trip for each of us and taxi came to C$13000 – 15000 pesos each way.
I am a souvenir junkie. I always reserve some time in my trips for souvenie shopping! Surprisingly, the best souvenir and handmade market was 5 minute walk from our apartment in a place called Santa Lucia Arts and Crafts Market. They have it all, go there! The best souvenir I got was a replica of an Alpaca with real fur. I come to find out that I am allergic to the fur, but I loved it anyway. Brought him home! Also, alcohol is relatively cheap there so we grabbed a couple of bottles of wine and Pisco to bring home.
This trip took the entire day and it was booked through Viator.com. The tour company picks you up at the hotel, as long as you are staying in the metropolitan area, and they provide food and wine. We had a small group of tourists in a van, they were all from different countries – Italy, Spain, Brazil, US, England, and of course, Chile. We spent all day together so we had an opportunity to get to know each other and I got a chance to practice my Italian skills too, which was very nice! During the trip we went to Cajon de Maipo, by the snowy mountains. It was very cold there, appropriate attire is needed!
The trip cost $100 dollars for each person, but it was worth it. I don’t enjoy skiing but if you do, I’d take this day for a skii trip to the mountain. Cajon de Maipo was my next best alternative to snow fun!
Cajon de Maipo trip https://www.viator.com/updateShoppingCartItem.jspa?itemId=581787894
CURIOSITIES AND INTERESTING FACTS:
DOGS – There are a lot of dogs in Santiago. You will see that they seem to be all well fed and most wear clothes. People in Santiago care for their furry friends and help them survive during the cold weather by feeding them and providing them with both shelter and clothing. At parks, you can see little houses placed there for the doggies to sleep. Very cool!
MONEY CONVERSION – That took awhile. In Chile they use pesos and high numbers. While American dollar and Brazilian real can be comparable and easy to calculate at a rate of $1: R$3; converting dollar or real to pesos was hard to do so in the begining. I had to look up what they converted to and practice my math skills. At the stores, I calculated everything to make sure I was getting a good deal or not spending too much. Always took my time!
PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION – Santiago has a very functional metro system. The price is the same all around. When choosing your hotel, choose to stay close to one. It will make your trip way more efficient!
FOOD – Santiago is a somewhat expensive city, and that was proven through the price of food. Don’t keep yourself from trying different restaurants, in fact, that helps make the experience richer. However, if you can, try balancing your expenses with food by buying items at the store too. We bought some things at the store to have breakfast at the apartment, and sometimes we would pack food for lunch too so that we could spend more at dinner. That will help you keep have the best for the least when you travel on a budget.
FOOD LABELS – One thing that I found very interesting was that at the grocery stores, most food packages had large labels in front indicating whether the product was Alto en Calorias (high in calories). I asked someone why and they said that Chile is a country with a high diabetic population and that the labeling was required to be displayed in order to help minimize the issue and help the ones who already suffer from it.
UBER – Uber was actually cheap to use, when you converted cost to dollars. It was also very easy to use and we had a good experience with it. On our way out, our flight left at 7am so we had to leave the apartment at a reasonable time to make it to the airport. I was nervous to rely on an Uber at 4 am, but I took a risk and it all worked out fine. I recommend!
Ellis Island, 1900’s – Immigration is at its peak. Through Ellis Island, United States welcomed over 12 million of immigrants through early 1900’s. Those people of diverse backgrounds, helped to build the United States that we see today. They sold all they had back in their homelands to move to the land of opportunity. At their arrival at Ellis Island, people were carefully screened for physical and mental illnesses as they would only be admitted into the main land if they were fit to work. About 2% of the immigrants were excluded from entering the country – if they carried a contagious disease or if the inspectors thought the immigrant would likely become a public charge. The ones diagnosed with having certain diseases, were marked and taken to different wards at the Ellis Island Hospital in hopes to be treated and nursed back to health. Immigrants helped shape the country as a whole and diversify our society. All we have today, we owe much to them.
Decades after the immigration wave died down, Ellis Island was abandoned in 1954. Fast forward to another century, in 2014 the contemporary French artist JR brought the “shadows” back to the abandoned hospital with the installation called “Unframed – Ellis Island.” The installation on the walls and windows of this abandoned hospital is really powerful and worth a visitation. With so much care and thoughtfulness translated into art form, JR surely brought the Ellis Island abandoned hospital back to life.
New York City is one of the cities where you can always find something new to do or something new to see. This city is as beautiful as it is chaotic.
New York City tells its own story through the dirt plastered on the walls underground and through much artwork found on the streets above ground. People walking to and from places in the City; make the island of Manhattan one of the busiest in the planet. Unfortunate is that people rarely stopped “to smell the roses.” Maybe they are just used to the scene. More than telling a story through an artwork, street artists are sending a message through each piece, many of which are of social nature.
With so many laws that make street art mostly illegal in New York City, the work put on the streets should be more contemplated. After all, having your artwork on the walls and streets of New York is a true victory. That is, if you don’t get caught.
By population, Sao Paulo is the biggest city in South America. São Paulo state has 645 municipalities and a population of approximately 40 million inhabitants. According to the latest statistics by IBGE, Brazil’s main government research institute, the population in the city of São Paulo (also the capital of Sao Paulo state) is about 11 million inhabitants (Forbes).
I was born and raised in Sao Bernardo do Campo, in the state of Sao Paulo. The state of Sao Paulo is a great representation of the urban scenario with a lot of traffic, street art, difference in social realities, and lots of people who make the streets mean but also very charming. I compare it to New York, despite the lack of lights. The city that never sleeps.
I wouldn’t say that Sao Paulo has as many tourist attractions as Rio de Janeiro, but it surely has a lot to enjoy. People usually come to Sao Paulo for layovers or business reasons. In this post, you will find a guide to a 72 hours in Sao Paulo.
Let’s start with the basics:
Sao Paulo has a large coverage of public transportation. The metro, covers the majority of the city and it is very easy to navigate. Here is the 2014 Sao Paulo metro map for your reference
It is always a good decision to opt for convenience when you don’t know much about the place that you are visiting and have little time. I strongly recommend to book a hotel room by metro station. The spot that I find most convenient is anywhere by Paulista Avenue. This busy street is the heart of Sao Paulo, close to many metro stations, theaters, restaurants, bars and to a shuttle stop that connects you to the International Airport of Guarulhos. When we traveled to Sao Paulo with my in-laws, we stayed at a place called Trypp Hotel by Paulista Avenue and a block away from Augusta Avenue and Consolacao Metro Station. By staying closer to a metro, you become a more independent tourist and you don’t have to worry about drinking and driving.
Things to do at a metro radius
Mercadao Municipal de Sao Paulo (bacalhau pastel, bologna sandwich)
The Municipal Market of Sao Paulo (Mercadao) is a must for everyone. This is the most traditional gourmet hub of the city with a wide variety of fruits, vegetables, sweets and foods in general. The building was designed by the architect Francisco Ramos de Azevedo in 1926 and it was opened on January 25th in 1933, the day of Sao Paulo’s birthday.
When you go to Mercadao, go hungry. There are two traditional foods that everyone should try, Bacalla fried pastry and bologna sandwich. In case you are not a meat eater, there are several other foods to try, including a long variety of fresh made juices!
Among the gourmet places, we have traditional Italian and Portuguese restaurants serving the most delicious food. The “lanchonetes” serve the three items I mentioned above and it is beyond delicious. Check it out!
Mercadao is open:
Monday through Saturday from 6 am to 6 pm.
Sundays and holidays from 6 am to 4 pm.
Sao Bento – Blue line
Augusta Street(Restaurants, Bars, shops)
Augusta Street is a “travessa” from Paulista Avenue. It has a more hip vibe with nice restaurants, bars, and many co-op type of shops. In those shops you can find mostly artsy items, hand made by a young adult population. Some street art and one of a kind accessories can be found at Augusta Avenue.
Paulista Avenue (Masp, Livraria Cultura)
Paulista Avenue is like the Wall Street of Sao Paulo. Thousands of people go there to work every day, making this location very crowded at times. But Paulista Avenue is not only the financial heart of the city but also the most loved address of the people from Sao Paulo. Museums, cultural centers, street art, restaurants and bars make this place special. After work hours, the bars a filled with people who want to avoid rush hour traffic and metro clutters. After all, we can always use a happy hour after work!
Here are some of the main attractions around Paulista:
Masp, Centro Cultural São Paulo, Casa das Rosas, Itaú Cultural Institute, Centro Cultural Fiesp, Sesc Paulista, Museum of Image and Sound, Museum of the Brazilian Home, Brazilian Museum of Sculpture, Caixa Cultural Galeria Paulista, Galeria Ouro Fino, Shopping Frei Caneca, Shopping Paulista, Shopping Center 3, Shopping Pátio Higienópolis, Trianon, Orthodox Cathedral, Consolação Cemetery.
The one place you must eat at is Black Dog. This is a hot dog place but with a Brazilian twist. The hot dogs are created on a similar system as Subway; you choose a style of hot dog and add the toppings you want. All hot dogs are pressed. This is a must! http://www.blackdog.com.br/
Batman Alley (Street Art)
Sao Paulo is the home of many wonderful street artists such as Os Gemeos, Alex Senna, Rodrigo Branco, Zeh Palito, L7M and Tikka. Street art can be found all around the city of Sao Paulo, but there is one place that is a must see if you enjoy street art, Batman Alley.
Batman Alley (Beco do Batman) is an open air gallery situated in Vila Madalena by the Clinicas metro station. The art space started back in 1980, when a drawing of batman was found on the wall. The location is well preserved and very desired by the artists. Street artists contribute to their artwork on the alley walls on a regular basis, so each time you visit you may see something different.
When visiting this area, also check out the store La da Venda. It is located right at the adjacent street to Beco do Batman, at Harmonia Street. They sell handmade, vintage and one of a kind items.
Street art galleries can be found around Batman Alley and you can also purchase prints at A7MA gallery.
This is a open air market located at Square Benedito Calixto and it is about a 12 minute walk from Batman Alley.
This fair features handmade items, vintage and clothing collections by one of a kind artists. It is almost like an Etsy fair! Worth checking it out to find some treasures to bring home.
Praça Benedito Calixto, 158/162 – Pinheiros – São Paulo – SP
Martinelli Building (First Skyscraper of Sao Paulo)
Giuseppe Martinelli was an Italian immigrant who migrated to Brazil in search of prosperity. He was very successful and he built a respected “equity” in a little over two decades.The building Martinelli was the first skyscraper of Sao Paulo. It was built in the beginning of the 20th century, with about 30 floors and a 360 degree view of the city of Sao Paulo.
The building is open for visitors Monday through Friday 9:30am-11:30am and 2:00pm – 4:00pm.
Liberdade (Little Japan)
Liberdade is Sao Paulo’s little Japan.
In the beginning of the 20th century, not only the Italians but also the Japanese migrated to Brazil in search of a better life. Since then, the Japanese immigrants concentrated in the region of Liberdade and their culture has been preserved to this day. It is estimated that about 400 thousand Japanese and later generations live in Sao Paulo (Cidade de Sao Paulo).
In Liberdade you can find all sorts of Japanese food, grocery stores, department stores and architecture. At the stores everything is displayed in both Portuguese and Japanese languages.
The Japanese language has been taught through generations and majority of people of Japanese heritage who live in Liberdade are able to speak Japanese fluently.
On weekends they have a street market where they make food on the spot like fresh Yaksoba, sushi and fried ice cream. Yes, fried ice cream!
This is one of Rio’s most beautiful landmarks and probably one of my favorites. The Sugarloaf Mountain is comprised by two separate mountains. In order to visit, you must ride a cable car from the base to the top of the first mountain and then you need to ride another cable car to the top of the second mountain. Once you get to the second mountain, there is a relaxing small park with a trail around it. If you are lucky, you might encounter a couple of little monkeys and beautiful birds.
The whole visit should take you approximately 2,5 hrs. to complete. I would recommend combining that with a visit to the Red Beach at the bottom. This way you can fully experience the Sugarloaf from the bottom to the top.
I recommend starting in the morning by visiting the mountains first then coming back down for the Red Beach and the trail. I feel like you can enjoy more this way.
Christ the Redeemer – Corcovado
This is a must see in Rio!
You don’t need to be religious to enjoy this landmark. This place is fantastic and provides you with a 360 degree view of the city of Rio! You take a train up to the top and once you get there, you must walk flight of stairs to get to Christ’s base. There’s a chapel inside the monument but unfortunately a trip into the arms is not available to the public.
It can be very crowded during the day making it stressful to take a perfect picture with the Christ or to take pictures of the landscape below. I recommend going in the morning or late afternoon to avoid big crowds. Also, choose to go when the day is clear. You can’t see much when the day is cloudy.
This is one small spot in Rio that is worth seeing. At Escadaria Selaron, take time and see the different countries represented and artists honored on the staircase. It is usually a very busy place, so people are always around. Lapa, Escadaria Selaron and the Santa Teresa Tram station are walking distance from each other, so you can plan an afternoon to see all three.
R. Joaquim Silva, S/N – Centro, Rio de Janeiro – RJ, 20241-110, Brazil
Santa Teresa Tram
This tram goes through Santa Teresa and on top of Lapa Bridge into the other side. The tram is yellow, very vintage like and small. The ride is free so expect lots of tourists to be waiting at the station for a ride. Each tram can take up to 40-45 people.
You can plan to visit Lapa, Escadaria Selaron and walk up to the tram station for a ride. You can also do the reverse itinerary, leaving from Rua Lelio Gama which is very close to Metro Carioca Station.
Located outside of Rio City, in Sao Cristovao, this is an attraction for the ones who wish to see more of Rio. It is a great place to buy souvenirs for cheap and to experience some of the culture from the North of Brazil. This place is of a size of soccer stadium and is full of tents, where people sell all sorts of things. There are a couple of restaurants serving food from the Northern region and stages where people perform typical dances. It is very entertaining!
Rua Campo De Sao Cristovao | Sao Cristovao, Rio de Janeiro,State of Rio de Janeiro 20921-440, Brazil
Maracana is among the five biggest soccer stadiums in the world. Recently renovated for the World Cup, Maracana is able to host about 78,000 fans. We went to Maracana to watch a match between Fluminense and Gremio. The teams were from different states so the match was friendly and energetic. When the teams from the same state play against each other, the matches can become more heated. Either way, it will sure be a good time!
Av. Pres. Castelo Branco, s/n – Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro – RJ, 20271-130, Brazil
This place is stunning! Jardim Botanico (Botanic Garden) hosts some of the most beautiful tropical flowers and plants worth seeing. Jardim Botanico is a place to unwind and breathe fresh air. However, it is a popular place and the line to buy tickets can get very long. If possible, try visiting the park on a weekday.
Jardim Botânico, 1008 – Jardim Botânico, Rio de Janeiro – RJ, 22460-030, Brazil
This is the most popular beach in Rio, and possibly in the world! Like all other beaches in Brazil, Copacabana is a public beach and is open to its visitors 24/7. Obviously, the beach is very busy during the day with people exercising and bathing. When the sun goes down, the entertainment is moved to the edge of the beach where various tent bars open so people can get some food and drinks. In Copacabana beach you can get coconut water and alcohol anytime. Beautiful sand sculptures are displayed for the tourists by South American artists. It is free to take pictures but the artists expect contributions.
You can also rent a bike and ride up and down the famous wavy boardwalk of Copacabana.
Praia Vermelha Praia Vermelha (Red Beach) is located at the bottom of Sugarloaf Mountain. There you can enjoy a more intimate beach or a nice walk around the sugarloaf. At the trail you are able to see various birds flying around and little monkeys jumping from tree to tree.
References and Tips
When looking for a hotel, give preference to the ones located at the beach front so you would be closer to the main attractions. At Atlantica Avenue, there are several options that you can choose, ranging from two to five star hotels.
As with many big cities, it’s so important to be cautious and responsible. To prevent any bad experiences, take into consideration some helpful safety tips:
Look like a local – when traveling in Rio, dress as basic as you can. Avoid flashy types of clothes, watches, jewelry and electronics in public. Look like a local.
Watch the drinking – make sure that you are in a safe place with safe company before starting the heavy drinking. Illegal substances easily circulate in the nightlife scenario, so it is important to be cautious when it comes to alcohol.
Pick up a map – before heading to Rio, make sure to learn about where you’ll stay and the surroundings from a map. Once you’re there, try to plan your routes before heading out of the hotel instead of utilizing a map in the middle of the city.
Currency and Money:
Right now it is a great time to visit Brazil as the exchange rate is approximately $1 to R$4.00 .When going to restaurants and paying for entrances at attractions, you can and should use your credit card. Most of the financial institutions in the U.S. do not usually charge you any fees for using your card abroad. Make sure to consult your credit card company before leaving home. When in Rio, bring your credit cards but also bring cash with you. You will need cash to buy a metro ticket or delicious coconut water at the beach!
Transportation: Take advantages of tours when available. If you’d rather do each attraction on your own, I recommend using taxi cabs. The concierge from the hotel should be able to call a cab for you.
When going to farther places, you might want to take advantage of the metro system, too. Sometimes they can be quicker than cabs.